AREA 1,558 SQ. MI. POPULATION 429,000 CAPITAL PRAIA (Po.P’ 107,000) LITERACY 77% I LIFE EXPECTANCY 72 CURRENCY CAPE VERDEAN ESCUDO. I GDP PER CAPITA $3,800 I ECo.No.MY IND: Fo.o.D & BEVERAGES, FISH PROCESSING, SHOES & GARMENTS, SALT MINING. AGR: BANANAS, Co.RN, BEANS, SWEET POTATOES, FISH. EXP: FUEL, SHOES, GARMENTS, FISH, HIDES.
Off the coast of West Africa, Cape Verde comprises ten volcanic islands and five islets, The islands were uninhabited until they were discovered by the Portuguese in 1456. Independence from Portugal occurred in 1975. African culture is most evident on the island of Sao Tiago, where half the population lives. Cape Verde enjoys a stable democratic system. Though freshwater shortages hinder agriculture, tourism is an expanding industry.